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Talking about Market Irrationality

Tradeview (2017) [forwarded]
Here, I would like to share a good article written by Tradeview on market irrationality.

As Benjamin Graham mentioned, stock market is like a crazy salesman. Everyday he knocks your door and promote his product to you. When he is in a good mood, he could sell a cup for RM1. When he is in a bad mood, he would sell the cup as expensive as RM10.

Yes, he is crazy. However, the final decision to buy or to ignore depends on you and I. The investor should be able to make wise decision in determining how much a stock really worth, but not to follow market irrationality and take impulse action.

This article written by Tradeview discussed on some of the market irrationality examples in current market. Have a read. 
For the past 3 months, the equities market has been considerably buoyant. Some analyst said we have been enjoying a mini bull run. Some say it is a technical rebound. Some say it is in anticipation of the corporate earnings rebound. Whatever anyone says, the fact is the market has been good for many.
By now, I am sure most of you are aware Tradeview, believes in value investing. Usually, whatever stock pick we call can be categorise to the following :

1. Dividend Yielding stocks
2. Fundamentally sound and value stocks (Stocks that meet our FA metric / also known as FA stocks)
3. Growth stocks
Usually, the stocks we call take a long time to move. Very simply, value investing takes time. It is based on the fundamental growth of the business, not short term punting / speculative play. Of course, there are cases where the market misprice the true value of the stock, upon realisation, the rerating is fast. However, across the board, our calls for the past 3 months have moved at an extraordinary pace. Most calls that usually takes more than 6 months moved in less than 2 months. I would like to think I am good at what I do, but I must admit, the market has been the bullish force behind the upwards movement. Hence, market irrationality comes in.

Based on the market's movement the past 3 months, at which point do you think KLCI was? Euphoria, Thrill, Excitement or Optimism? Thing is, few can tell the future right? On hindsight everyone is 20/20, but if you ask me, I would say for the past 3 months, KLCI was at Relief towards Optimism. This is in line with the global markets especially the way US markets rally following appointment of Trump as President + the promises of pro-economic reforms that he brings with him. I think US market potentially is at Euphoria as the market continued to create new highs based on unfulfilled promises and reform plans to a large extent it has already been factored into the share price.

Image result for overbought and oversold
The most basic concept of market irrationality is when people oversell and overbuy. Ex: Buying something for a price beyond its true value VS selling something for a price below its true value. When things are negative, irrational people think it will be worst, hence they sell things below its true worth. When things are good, irrational people think it will be even better, hence they continue buying beyond its true worth.
To help all see it in better light, let me explain with 3 stocks namely LiiHen, PetronM and GHLSYS
1. LiiHen (oversold) :

Liihen is a very popular counter. Many would have invested in this counter some time or another. It is a net cash, high growth furniture exporter. The company has been doing well year after year especially so since the MYR has depreciated against USD. Recently, the Quarterly Results released was nothing short of spectacular. Record high dividend, Revenue increased 10%, good profit and others. Any normal investor would have read the report and say, kudos to the Management of LiiHen. The next day, instead of gapping up, it was sold off (subjected to profit taking). It continued till today and it close at RM3.36. In this case, market was irrational.
My view : Putting aside all the talks of the future direction of the MYR, the potential slowdown of US housing market, the DY for just the Quarterly Dividend at current price of RM3.36 stands at 2.97%. This is not including the other quarterly dividend. The valuation wise, it is trading at only 8x PER excluding all dividends. How can a high growth counter net cash company with strong ROE, CAGR and DY be trading only at 8x PER just because it is in the low tech furniture sector? Clearly it is undervalued and oversold.
2. PetronM (in between) :

It has been a terrible 2 years plus for the oil and gas sector. I called a rebound in oil and gas in March 2016, the rebound was from 35 USD per barrel crude oil to 54 USD per barrel today. Following OPEC cut, many counters have jump. PetronM clearly is beneficiary as well. Recent results is outstanding. A simplistic valuation at a conservative multiple of 10x would value PetronM close to RM8.80 despite the lumpy earnings. Some are even calling it at 15x multiple attaching a premium by comparing to PetDag valuing it at Rm11+. As a result, PetronM limit up the day before from RM4.63 to RM 6.01. It continued on the next day all the way to RM6.66 but faced profit taking and closed at RM6.09. In this case, the market was mixed.
My view : Reading the QR on PetronM, it was clear their refining margin improve substantially following the rebound in oil price especially in the last Q. Furthermore, due to the outstanding results, PetronM declared 22 sens dividend to reward shareholders which is a positive move. At current price of RM 6.09, the DY is 3.6%. The valuation wise, it is trading at only around 7x PER excluding all dividends. Based on such metrics, many jump on the bandwagon and pushed up the price significantly. Some chase high at RM6+ as they believe PetronM is still cheap. Of course, those who sold off / profit take believe it has went up too fast. I neither consider PetronM overbought or oversold but an in between where the market forces will determine its value based on the majority expectation. Those who dislike lumpy earnings and believe the coming Q might be subdued will not invest further in this counter. Those bullish will aim for at least RM8+ going into the next Q or at least to ex-dividend date.
3. GHLSYS (overbought) :

The tech sector has been very hot for the past few years. Increasingly so with new technology disrupting our way of life. As a result, the NASDAQ is breaking record high and many unicorn starts up are achieving the billion dollar status even if their earnings have yet to even breakeven. In short, the best example would be UBER, valued close to USD 50 billion but yet to churn out profit. This is true market irrationality. We can see it in the same light with GHLSYS. GHLSYS is currently in a good space. It is a technology counter, it is specifically involved in FINTECH, it is backed by banks / big funds and it is trading at 40x PER valuation despite making less profit than many traditional businesses. Granted, revenue and profit have been growing for the past few years at extraordinary rate, hence many attached the bullish future prospect to it. In this case, the market was irrational.
My view : I think the tech space and fintech is always interesting and exciting. I do like the fact GHLSYS is improving bottomline and topline. It also declared dividend for the first time. However, I did not like how the market was overly bullish going into the QR when its original valuation was already beyond 40x PER. Even if the QR results was extraordinary, it would have already been factored into the share price long ago. A counter like GHLSYS should be collected on retracement, not chased high especially when the valuation is over the top with limited margin of safety. Hence, I consider GHLSYS to be overbought and to accumulate on weakness.
Conclusion :-
The market is always irrational. It was like that in 1920s, 1980s, 2000s and it will continue to to be so. The irrational market stems from the different emotions, character, intelligence, greed, risk appetite of human in place. That is what makes the market interesting. The only way we can protect ourselves and our investment is to exercise prudence and diligence in studying a share. We have to look at the true value of the stock for what it is and not listen to the noises in the market. Long term view vs short term view, upside vs downside will help in our decision making. Never ever lose sight and conviction if you know the true value of the stock regardless how noisy the forum may be or what investment "gurus" are preaching. If Warren Buffet can be wrong, everyone is allowed to make mistakes too. As long as the % of wins exceed losses, you are alright.
Please note that I respect all investment styles and in no way saying one method of investing is better than another. I know that everyone has their own preferred method and that is what makes the market interesting. Diversity.
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